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Knowledge paper on skill development in India: Learner first - Who are the learners - EY - India

Knowledge paper on skill development in India: Learner first

Who are the learners?

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More than 50% of the total population in the age group of 15–59 years are potential learners and require some type of skill training.

The skill set of this population group plays a critical role in the growth of the country. It is imperative that adequate skill training is provided to this age group to make them productive. India is facing a skill deficit on account of the large demand-supply gap, which results in a large pool of potential learners.

The following section profiles a learner based on various parameters such as gender, social and education status.

Entire gamut of learner's
Entire gamut of learner's


Entire gamut of learner's

Entire gamut of learner's
Source: EY analysis

The salient features of the learners’ profiles are as follows:

  • Women constitute 68.2% of the total potential learners
  • Low enrolment rates above class XII contribute most of the increase toward potential learners
  • SC/ST constitute 28% of the total learners, consistent with the national average
  • 7.4% of the total enrolled students of class I–X dropout
  • SC/ST constitute 33% of the total school dropouts (class I–X)
  • Dropout-to-enrolment ratio of SC and ST is greater than the overall average

The total number of potential learners in the country during 2009–10 is about 363 million. These constituted ~51% of the total working age population in the age group of 15–59 years.

More than 65% of the total learners fall in the age group of 24– 59 years with the majority of them being female, on account of various social reasons. The SC/ST constitutes 28% of the total learners’ category in line with the national average. The following provides a snapshot of the learner’s profile.

ParameterNumber of peoplePercentage
Overall
Population of India (in age group15–59 years)
711,109,338
100%
Potential learners (in age group15–59 years)
363,546,589
51.12%
Classification by age group
Learners in the age group(15–18 years)
39,876,844
10.96%
Learners in the age group(19–23 years)
87,208,589
23.98%
Learners in the age group(24–59 years)
236,461,156
65.04%
No. of SC/ST learners
Learners in the age group(15–18 years)
10,275,360
25.76%
Learners in the age group(19–23 years)
22,562,933
25.87%
Learners in the age group(24–59 years)
69,313,759
29.31%
Source: Ministry of HRD, 2009–10; EY analysis

 


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