New York, 3 October 2011 – Despite economic turbulence and market turmoil, 41% of leading international companies expect to make an acquisition in the next 12 months, according to EY’s latest Global Capital confidence barometer, based on a survey of more than 1,000 senior executives around the world. Surprisingly, that is a slight increase on six months ago, despite the intense market turmoil during August, when the survey was conducted. In the US, M&A expectations are down with 36% of US companies expecting to make an acquisition in the next 12 months, compared to 44% in April 2011.
Stronger balance sheets together with a greater focus on operational fitness mean there is a continued appetite for M&A among large cap corporates. There is also a greater convergence around the price of assets, encouraging sellers to come to the table. Almost two thirds (57%) see valuations remaining at current levels for 12 months, resulting in a 30% uptick in potential sellers compared with six months ago – 26% of businesses now plan to divest in the next year. This number is higher in the US with 30% of companies expecting to execute a divestiture.
Rich Jeanneret, Americas Vice-Chair, Transaction Advisory Services, at Ernst & Young LLP says: “In the US we expect to see a continued appetite for transaction activity in the next year, with over a third of companies planning an acquisition and 41% of companies focusing on growth. While the trend for M&A is down since our last survey in April, M&A fundamentals remain strong, and we anticipate a rise in activity overall—specifically divestitures—as companies rationalize their portfolios, focus on core assets, and shed underperforming businesses to raise cash and create shareholder value.”
The fifth bi-annual Global Capital confidence barometer, finds that almost half of respondents are focused on growth in the next 12 months, with only 7% of global respondents now focusing on survival – the lowest number since the barometer was first published in 2009.
Pip McCrostie, Vice-Chair, Transaction Advisory Services, for the global EY organization, says: “There is a new paradigm with M&A activity and market volatility now able to co-exist. Currently, leading companies are shrugging off continued market upheaval and focusing on growth and M&A. For them this is not 2008 all over again. They have spent the past three years reducing the financial risk on their balance sheet and taking tough efficiency measures needed to strengthen their positions, which helps them manage in volatile times.”
Stronger balance sheets encourage M&A Three years of focusing on capital management underpins the resilient attitude of those companies who might come to the deal table. Large corporates are in much better shape now than 2008. Balance sheets have been significantly strengthened. In addition, businesses have improved their capital structure by reducing interest costs and extending maturities. Overall debt has fallen, with 61% having debt-to-capital ratios of less than 25% - and 78% plan to maintain or reduce their debt-to-capital ratios further in the next 12 months.
Corporate earnings outlook is relatively strong, with almost half (47%) confident they will be at least stable; a further third believe earnings potential is positive. Funding conditions have also improved, with 68% saying capital market conditions are at the very least stable.
Surprising corporate confidence in an uncertain market Despite concerns over weakening global growth, many of the leading companies outside of the US are surprisingly optimistic about their own national economy, as well as the long term global economic outlook. Declining growth in the US, coupled with the country’s credit downgrade and the escalating sovereign debt crisis in the Eurozone, sparked dramatic stock market activity at the time of the survey. Despite this, almost two thirds of global and US respondents feel that the global economy is at least stable or improving. Confidence is particularly high in sectors such as power and utilities, oil and gas and metals and mining.
Pip adds: “Buoyed by confidence in local economies, many global corporates are now in a strong position to buy with de-risked balance sheets and large cash war chests. Based on the survey, we see a surprisingly favorable M&A environment with the majority of respondents positive about the number and quality of deal opportunities and the likelihood of closing them. A critical factor is the convergence of potential buyers and sellers around what they see as relatively reasonable and stable asset prices – resulting in a significant increase in those looking to sell.”
Emerging markets are prime targets for investment The most attractive markets for investment according to the survey are China, India, Brazil, the US and Australia. Outside the recognized BRIC countries Malaysia, Mexico and Argentina are the three most popular emerging market destinations for investment. More than a third of respondents said their motivation for M&A was to gain share in a new market.
“Having an effective emerging market strategy is an absolute necessity for leading companies today,” says Pip. “A balanced business portfolio needs to have an emerging market presence, as well as mature market operations.”
“The Asian emerging markets are among the most attractive – with their high-growth potential offering some protection against current volatility in mature markets.”
Barriers to M&A remain, but strategic deals could be on the horizon A large majority of respondents (85%) are concerned that mounting regulatory pressures could potentially impede growth. Regulatory risk could de-rail growth plans – particularly in the area of banking and financial reform, which could have a broad impact across sectors and geographies. Pip concludes: “Regulation is one potential hurdle. There is also the fundamental question of the economy. While our respondents’ M&A attitudes are remarkably robust given the current environment, a slump into a double-dip global recession would mean all bets are off.” “In the US, companies with strong balance sheets and plenty of cash on hand are well-positioned to finance and execute strategic transactions and grow in the volatile market,” says Jeanneret.
About the survey The EY Capital confidence barometer is a survey of over 1000 senior executives from large companies around the world and across industry sectors. The objective of the Barometer is to gauge corporate confidence in the economic outlook, to understand boardroom priorities in the next 12 months, and to identify the emerging capital practices that will distinguish those companies that will build competitive advantage as the global economy continues to evolve. This is the fifth half-yearly Barometer in the series, which began in November 2009.
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