Procurement transformation in India’s police force

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Today the role of police forces has increased beyond the mere physical protection of the citizenry. They are expected to rapidly upgrade and modernize themselves, while remaining within their resource constraints. These developments have placed the public procurement framework of the police forces into limelight.

This study proposes a four-pronged framework to assess the various police procurement reform initiatives in India and around the world in the fields of

  • Policy & Regulations
  • Processes
  • Technology
  • Capacity Building

The paper analyses the various statistics and key performance indicators (KPIs) collected by agencies such as Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), Ministry of Finance (MoF), Planning Commission, etc. and other agencies.

According to industry estimates the Indian security industry will grow to USD 16 billion by 2018. The Indian market is growing at 35% as against the global figure of 7%. India’s share in the global expenditure for security is 3.6%. In India, the government account for about 30% of the sectoral spend.

According to industry estimates the Indian security industry will grow to USD 16 billion by 2018.

Measures to improve current procurement network

Based on an analysis of the current status of procurement reforms and initiatives of various state police forces and drawing parallels from developments in those in other countries, this paper proposes several practical and sustainable measures that can be adopted to improve the current procurement framework in police forces in India. Some of the measures proposed include:

  • Preparation of comprehensive Police Manuals and other guidance documents to cover the policies and procedures for police procurement
  • Long term planning of procurement needs by Police Forces
  • Deriving synergies and cost reduction in procurement process by collaborating with other divisions as well as other police forces for procurement
  • Automation of the end-to-end procurement process, including demand estimation, tendering, contract management, as well as monitoring and reporting
  • Capacity building and training of police personnel on the existing as well as emerging modes of police procurement

Police forces in India: an overview

Types of police forces in India
EY - Types of police forces in India

In India, police is a state subject, and therefore, the State Governments are primarily responsible for prevention, registration, detection and investigation of crime as well as for prosecution of perpetrators within their jurisdiction. The State/UT police include different types of police forces, as illustrated in the figure below.


  • Metropolitan police - responsible for maintaining order within the city
  • State armed police – responsible for controlling crowd and maintaining order in emergency situations
  • Traffic police - responsible for maintaining discipline on the roads and enforcing rules for movement of vehicles
  • Marine police - responsible for guarding India’s coastline