Private sector's contribution to K-12 education in India
The current K-12 school system in India is one of the largest in the world with more than 1.4 million schools with 250+ million students enrolled, reveals EY-FICCI report on the education sector in India.
Schools have grown at a CAGR of 2.5% from 1.2 million in 2005 to 1.4 million in 2011 and enrolment has grown at a CAGR of 2.2% to reach 253 million students in 2011.
- India has the highest number of schools and the highest number of students enrolled in the K-12 system as compared to the US or the UK.
Highlights of the K-12 education sector in India
The K-12 system in India can be segmented by ownership, level of education and board of affiliation.
25% of all K-12 schools in India are private schools, accounting for 40% share in student enrolment.
54% of all 1.46 million K-12 schools in India, are managed by the Central Government/ state governments and 21% are managed by local bodies/municipal corporations. Private schools account for 25% of the total number of K-12 schools in India.
The number of schools and student enrolment decline drastically with increase in level.
- Although the share of all secondary/higher secondary schools is only 14%, the share of enrolment is much higher at 22%.
- Overall, utilization in private schools is higher, more so at the primary and secondary level as compared to the government schools.
- Primary Schools constitute 57% of all schools; upper primary schools form 10%; primary with upper primary form 19% while secondary/ higher secondary form 14%.
- 137 million students enrolled in primary level constitute 54% of all students enrolled in K-12 schools.
96% of K-12 schools in India are affiliated to state boards, 1% to CBSE, 0.1% TO CISCE and 2% are unrecognized.
In addition to the Indian boards, a large number of schools across India tie up with International Boards.
Contribution by the private sector K-12 education in India
- India has ~100 million students enrolled as compared to the US or the UK that have 5.1million and 504,000 private school students respectively.
- Evidence of increasing enrolment in private schools in rural India- from 18.7% in 2006 to 25.6% in 2011 and declining enrolment in government schools.
- The share of private schools enrolment at the primary level is 30.6% and 37.1% in upper primary levels. Secondary education accounts for 54.4% in the junior secondary level and 60.3% in the senior/higher secondary level.
- 69 million students study in 247,843 private schools at the elementary level making the average number of students per school at 280.
- India has more than 339,000 private K-12 schools, growing in the last five years at a CAGR of 4%.
- Around 130,000 additional private schools will be required by 2022 given the current trends
- Private schools enrolment in the top 20 states account for nearly 55% share of enrolment at the secondary/higher secondary level
Enrolment in secondary and higher secondary schools (‘000)