- Despite headwinds, combined electric vehicle (EV) sales in the US, China and Europe to outstrip all other engine sales by 2030
- By 2040, internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles will shrink to less than 1% of overall sales
- Europe is expected to lead electric vehicle sales volumes until 2024, with China taking the lead from 2025 onward.
Electric vehicle1 (EV) sales in the US, China and Europe will outpace all other engines three years sooner than previously expected, according to new EY research and analysis. The figures come from the EY Mobility Lens Forecaster, an artificial intelligence (AI) powered forecasting tool that provides an outlook for light vehicle registrations through to 2050.
The latest predictions show that by 2027 EV sales in Europe will surpass those of other powertrains, a trend that will be repeated in both China and the US by 2032. For Europe and China this is one year faster than previously expected and for the US four years faster. In the US the change is driven by continued investments in electrification, with the leading states being California, New York, Washington, and Massachusetts among others. The analysis also shows that by 2040, ICE vehicle sales will shrink to less than 1% of global sales, five years faster than previously expected.
Randall Miller, EY Global Advanced Manufacturing & Mobility Leader, says:
“Despite a series of finance and energy related headwinds in the last 12 months, the EV revolution continues to gain momentum and the point at which we think EVs will come to dominate the marketplace has actually moved forward.”
“In Europe, car sales in general are down and we would expect the move over to EVs to potentially struggle if the energy crisis persists. This would require more government assistance to maintain the current pace. In China, while we expect EVs to dominate sales by 2032, we also see hybrids sustaining their market share all the way up to 2050. In the US we see large population states leading the way, so there remains cause for optimism in meeting the 2030 target for 50% of sales being EVs. Despite this the US will need to deal with supply chain issues and recessionary headwinds focusing on charging infrastructure and in-country battery development to really push on with EVs.”
EV sales charge continues
Rising consumer demand backed by government policies and incentives, along with aggressive electrification targets by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have accelerated the transition to EV adoption in all three key regions - Europe, the US and China. Benefits of a carbon-neutral mobility ecosystem are now being realized at a larger scale, which has led to substantial investments in all three regions toward setting up EV infrastructure and transitioning from fossil-led mobility ecosystem to an electric one.
A better way to forecast
EY automotive analysts and data scientists built the EY Mobility Lens Forecaster on a neural network model that uses AI to analyze several variables that influence demand and supply for mobility. These include variables that reflect consumer behavior, regulatory trends, technology evolution (vehicle and ecosystem) and manufacturers’ announced strategies. The model is updated regularly with new market inputs to keep up with the ever-changing reality, including disruptions and available technology. As its predictions are matched up against actual outcomes, the model adjusts its calculations and learns from any mistakes for future predictions, essentially becoming smarter and more accurate over time.
Notes to Editors
EY exists to build a better working world, helping create long-term value for clients, people and society and build trust in the capital markets.
Enabled by data and technology, diverse EY teams in over 150 countries provide trust through assurance and help clients grow, transform and operate.
Working across assurance, consulting, law, strategy, tax and transactions, EY teams ask better questions to find new answers for the complex issues facing our world today.
EY refers to the global organization, and may refer to one or more, of the member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients. Information about how EY collects and uses personal data and a description of the rights individuals have under data protection legislation are available via ey.com/privacy. EY member firms do not practice law where prohibited by local laws. For more information about our organization, please visit ey.com.
This news release has been issued by EYGM Limited, a member of the global EY organization that also does not provide any services to clients.
About EY’s Global Advanced Manufacturing & Mobility Sector
Urbanization, changing consumer expectations and emerging digital technologies are reshaping what’s possible, from the production and distribution of goods to the transportation of people. To succeed in this new world of mobility and smart manufacturing, incumbents must transform themselves at unprecedented speed — to think like an innovative startup, tap into new talent and engage the customer. With experience across the value chain and key technology alliances, our teams show clients how to create efficiencies now while adopting digitization and optionality for long-term growth. Automotive, transportation, aerospace, defense, chemicals and industrial products companies can draw on the strength of our network of cross-industry players and put our diverse range of approaches to use today to equip their businesses for tomorrow.