As green hydrogen seeks a breakthrough — needing demand and supply-side support to be scaled up and for production costs to fall — all eyes have turned to China. The nation’s vast domestic market, large state-owned companies, distinguished research institutions and abundant renewable resources give the nation the building blocks to be a green hydrogen superpower.
China is already the world’s largest hydrogen producer, although much of this production comes from fossil fuels. With the nation vowing to reach net zero by 2060, however, green hydrogen is expected to play an integral role in the transition, with the China Hydrogen Alliance projecting that it will account for 20% of the nation’s energy mix.
If China is to reach its lofty renewable hydrogen goals, a coordinated approach will be crucial for the nation to capitalize on its economies of scale and foster the industry collaboration that is paramount for an emerging technology. Established in 2018 by the National Energy Group, the China Hydrogen Alliance serves as a link between the key players in this nascent industry, catalyzing action to solve technological gaps in the value chain.
With more than 100 members, the Alliance has established a “hydrogen community” and is playing a multifaceted role in renewable hydrogen’s development by spurring innovation, enabling production and collaboration, and charting a path for the sector’s progress.
It has established think tanks, promoted research collaboration between industry and universities, started building a big-data platform, initiated manufacturing and transportation of equipment and basic materials to large-scale enterprises, prepared a technical road map for a hydrogen energy strategy, and defined the standard for green hydrogen in China. Furthermore, it is exploring the establishment of a green hydrogen innovation center.