Colombia becomes 37th member of the OECD

On 28 April 2020, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) announced that Colombia had formally completed the accession process to become the 37th member of the OECD. Colombia is now the third country from Latin American to join the OECD, following Chile and Mexico.


Colombia started the OECD accession process in 2013. In May 2018, after a five-year process and reforms to align legislation, policies and practices to the OECD standards, Colombia was formally invited to join the OECD. Colombia then carried out its domestic procedures for ratifying the OECD Convention, which were successfully completed.

Colombia as OECD member

The accession to the OECD means that Colombia’s current legislation, policies and practices align with OECD standards, including those related to the environment, labor law, justice system, public policy, anti-bribery and taxation. Colombia, however, must consider the OECD standards if it wants to make any changes to its legislation, policies and practices.

Regarding taxation, even though Colombia has already adopted several of the OECD’s recommendations, Colombia could align its tax law, policy, and practices even more with the OECD’s guidelines. For instance, Colombia could adopt the guidelines set forth in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting – BEPS – project in the future.

Additionally, certain documents, such as the OECD’s Model Tax Convention and its commentaries in particular, will play a significant role in interpreting the double tax treaties concluded by Colombia (including the reservations and positions set by Colombia for each treaty article). The OECD’s transfer pricing guidelines also will be relevant to the application of the transfer pricing rules in Colombia.

For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:

Ernst & Young S.A.S., Bogotá
  • Luis Orlando Sánchez 
  • Juan Torres Richoux 
  • Andres Millan Pineda
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Latin American Business Center, New York
  • Zulay Andrea Arevalo
  • Ana Mingramm 
  • Enrique Perez Grovas
  • Pablo Wejcman
Ernst & Young Abogados, Latin America Business Center, Madrid
  • Jaime Vargas
Ernst & Young LLP (United Kingdom), Latin American Business Center, London
  • Lourdes Libreros 
Ernst & Young Tax Co., Latin American Business Center, Japan & Asia Pacific
  • Raul Moreno, Tokyo 
  • Luis Coronado, Singapore