Who is switching
Plans to switch increase with wealth but decrease with age and level of investment knowledge.
Our research shows that the wealthiest clients are the most likely to change their financial relationships: 39% of ultra-high-net-worth (UHNW) clients say they plan to switch or move money from a wealth management provider in the next three years, compared with just over one-quarter of high-net-worth (HNW) and just under a third of mass affluent clients. This is expected, as UHNW clients are most likely to diversify their assets among a greater number of wealth management providers.
The most profitable and highest potential clients are the least loyal and most likely to switch.
Firms face increased pressure to demonstrate value to younger generations, who represent the future of their businesses. Though wealth levels generally increase with age, the proportion of clients planning to switch decreases with age: boomers are 29% less likely to switch than millennials.
Wealth management providers have an opportunity to build trust and demonstrate the value of their services by providing education through thought leadership and financial coaching. Our research found that clients who self-identify as having high investment knowledge are significantly less likely to switch over the next three years compared with those with low investment knowledge (only 19% of clients with high investment knowledge plan to switch, compared with 36% of clients with low investment knowledge).
The desire to move assets is varied across regions. Encouraging results in the Americas and Europe show fewer clients planning to switch providers in the next three years than have done so over the last three.
Banking and wealth relationships in Asia-Pacific are in a period of change, particularly in China, where new, emerging digital methods and habits are being driven by fresh digital solutions. The percentage of clients expecting to transfer assets is expected to more than double in this region, from 15% over the last three years to 34% in the next three. The intensified competition among incumbents and new entrants presents clients with a multitude of options for wealth management providers, heightening the pressure on firms to continuously raise the bar for satisfying client demands.
A renewed focus on retention in the US and EMEA is starting to pay off, but plans to move assets in APAC and Africa are rising.
Clients are more likely to switch during major life transitions.
Moving money happens most often during major personal transitions, with approximately half of clients changing providers over the past three years during such life events.
Wealth management providers are investing heavily in data and analytic capabilities to anticipate these events. They are developing artificial intelligence tools to learn from client data and determine when to address specific needs before their clients look to other providers for help. One key data attribute that providers are often missing in this analysis is their clients’ most public data: social media. Providers looking to develop complete profiles must consider this data in their evaluations to pre-empt potential switching.
Another key transition occurs during intergenerational wealth transfer – a crucial inflection point in the wealth management client life cycle. Although wealth managers employ various methods to build relationships with the next generation of beneficiaries, approximately half of clients who have recently received a large wealth transfer, or expect to soon, have moved assets to a new provider in the past three years.
Independent advisors, who are not directly affiliated with a wealth management firm, have done slightly better at managing relationships during life events: clients who currently use an independent advisor are three percentage points less likely than the overall population to switch when inheriting or receiving money.
Why clients are switching
Clients switch for value, but their definition of value is complex and multidimensional.
The increasing digitalization of wealth management activities and the rise of self-service offerings have made clients more empowered and willing to switch providers or shift assets for value.
To better understand what value clients are switching for, we asked them to identify the most valuable components of the wealth management relationship across six key service attributes: quality, pricing, products, technology, personal attention and advice. Their responses give guidance on what attributes firms must offer to retain existing clients and attract new ones.
One in five clients is likely to switch for one of the below reasons, with about half of all clients seeing high value in each dimension.
The client-provider relationship consists of an array of dimensions, ranging from activities with tangible value (measured by quantifiable returns or performance) to the intangible (activities such as planning and coaching, whose effects can be more difficult to measure). We found that clients broadly assign value across these dimensions evenly, but with many nuances based on different demographic and psychographic factors.
Our research indicates that the clients who typically see the highest value are the wealthiest individuals, as well as those with more knowledge and understanding of their finances.
Those with more “in-depth knowledge” and awareness are more than twice as likely to realize the high value wealth managers provide than those with low knowledge, with three out of five clients self-identifying as having high investment knowledge seeing such value. There is much incentive to educating clients on the value of financial advice to achieve greater retention – just 20% of clients with “in-depth knowledge” would consider moving their assets elsewhere in the next three years, compared with 40% of clients with low levels of investment knowledge.
Where clients are going
Independent advisors and FinTech solutions are expected to see the greatest growth by percentage of clients.
Often client needs are not met by a single provider: our research indicates that clients currently use on average five different types of wealth management providers (not including multiple relationships with the same provider), which was largely consistent across regions. In looking out over the next three years, clients indicate maintaining this same number of relationships, suggesting that providers are not yet providing the breadth of solutions needed to drive asset consolidation.
While traditional wealth institutions – including commercial banks, asset management firms, online trading platforms and private banks – will remain a prevailing market force, our findings show their use by clients may start to peak and, in some cases, even fall.
FinTechs and independent advisors/firms are expected to see the largest client growth.
Rise of independents
The use of independent financial advisors is expected to rise rapidly, with an 18% increase in clients globally who expect to use independent advisors in the next three years, and a 14% increase for independent consulting firms – fueled by above average growth in Asia-Pacific.
Historically, the wealthiest clients have made greater use of the independent consulting channel; however, the expected growth over the next three years will be highest in the mass affluent (34% today to 42% expecting to use) and HNW segments (34% today to 40% expecting to use).
Unconstrained by the terms set by large brokerages, independent advisors may have more flexibility to adapt solutions based on what their clients value, as well as how they charge their clients . Many major wealth management firms have introduced new independent channels or are considering creating a new independent distribution channel to stem the tide of their financial advisors going independent.
Growth in FinTechs
FinTechs (including robo advice and personal financial management tools) will also see an inflow of clients, even though the asset flow may not be as large as for independents. Although these new entrants still have relatively low amounts of assets under management, the percentage of clients using FinTechs is on a par with usage of long-established wealth institutions, such as universal banks, independent wealth advisors and mutual fund companies.
The percentage of clients expecting to use FinTech solutions will increase from 38% today to 45% in the next three years. Expected FinTech use over the next three years is expected to increase with each client wealth segment, with 35% growth expected among mass affluent clients (28% today to 38% expecting to use) and 41% growth among HNW clients (29% today to 41% expecting to use).
No single FinTech has been able to acquire a large enough client base to threaten the incumbent dominance yet – though total clients are growing, they still do not typically commit significant assets. The FinTech playbook has typically been to acquire clients with a niche offering, then expand to broader bundles and solutions once they own a critical mass of clients. However, this strategy will bring FinTechs closer and closer to incumbents as their offerings mature and they partner with traditional wealth management firms and/or established technology players.
While younger clients will remain the stronger users of digital solutions, expected growth is highest among boomers. Gen X clients are the most likely to use FinTechs, and even more expect to use the offerings in the future.
Older generations are expected to grow their use of FinTechs the most, narrowing the gap with the younger groups.
These switching trends present both threats and opportunities for incumbents and disruptors, with independents and FinTechs poised to gain the most. To stem this tide and retain the most profitable and highest potential clients, traditional wealth institutions need to not only deliver on the dimensions their clients value (particularly at critical life events), but also clearly communicate the value delivered.
2019 EY Global Wealth Research Methodology
In the third quarter of 2018, we worked with ESI ThoughtLab to conduct a comprehensive survey of 2,000 clients in 26 countries to understand their changing investment needs, behaviors and value perceptions.
We profiled clients not just by traditional segments, such as age, gender, wealth and location, but also by level of education, profession, investment knowledge, risk appetite and psychographic profile.
We also asked respondents to rate their knowledge in managing their finances and divided them into low, average, high and very high categories depending on their knowledge of common and complex financial products.
To understand client movement in the wealth management industry for this article, we asked respondents whether they had switched or moved money from a wealth management firm over the past three years or plan to do so over the next three years.
We also conducted interviews with executives at leading wealth management firms around the world to understand how they are rethinking their value propositions and business strategies.
Levels of investible assets
Mass affluent: US$250,000 to US$999,999
High net worth (HNW): US$1m to US$4.9m
Very high net worth (VHNW): US$5m to US$29.9m
Ultra-high net worth (UHNW): US$30m to US$100m
Millennial: born 1981–97 (age 21–37)
Gen X: born 1965–80 (age 38–53)
Boomer: born 1946–64 (age 54–72)
To stem client attrition and capitalize on this movement, wealth management providers need to understand the who, why and where of client switching.