- The total number of deals in 2021 reached 661 after a low of 397 in 2020
- 55% of all M&A volume in 2021 came from domestic deals
- Government-related entities accounted for 63% of the total disclosed deal value
According to the EY MENA M&A Insights report, MENA M&A activity witnessed a major resurgence in 2021, registering an increase of 66% from 2020. These record M&A levels were primarily driven by domestic (intra-regional) deals which increased to 366 in 2021, compared to 192 deals in 2020. The report also showed that announced total M&A deal value increased by 16% in 2021 to US$99 billion from US$85.2 billion in 2020 – while the top 10 deals by value in 2021 aggregated to US$58.8 billion, 59% of total announced deal value.
Brad Watson, EY MENA Strategy and Transactions Leader, says:
“In 2021, we saw a tremendous surge in MENA M&A activity as a result of improving post-COVID-19 market conditions. The recovery in oil and gas prices and an improving public health backdrop have also helped to lift the economic outlook in the region, leading to renewed confidence in regional boardrooms.”
GRE and PE activity
Government-related entities (GRE) including sovereign wealth funds and national oil companies were pivotal players in the MENA M&A market in 2021, contributing to a total deal value of US$62.6 billion, or 63% of total disclosed deal value of US$99 billion.
There was also an upturn in Private Equity (PE) participation in MENA deals, with PE executing 165 deals in 2021, as opposed to 73 deals in 2020. PE will continue to be net sellers in 2022 but with imminent fund raising in sight, buy-side PE activity is expected to increase in the future.
Strategic M&A also had a good year with interesting deals such as the acquisition of Bayara (a nuts and spices company) by Savola as well as multiple acquisitions by Agthia in the confectionary and poultry space to strengthen their position in the Food & Beverage sector.
M&A activity by geography
UAE experienced the highest deal activity in terms of volume (303 deals) whilst Saudi Arabia attracted the most M&A capital (US$47.4 billion). Egypt also saw robust deal activity in 2021 with 118 deals worth US$7.7 billion.
Anil Menon, Head of MENA M&A and ECM, EY, says:
“MENA M&A activity in 2021 was unprecedented not just by sheer volume, but also because much of the deal making was conducted virtually. Furthermore, what makes 2021 remarkable is that the activity levels have been consistently good across sectors and geographies. We expect continued confidence and momentum in 2022.”
Energy, natural resources, and chemicals
The region saw significant M&A activity within the energy, resources, and chemicals sectors in 2021, with several multi-billion-dollar deals being signed in Saudi Arabia. The oil and gas sector witnessed the highest deal activity in terms of deal values, largely driven by a stake sale by Aramco in its natural gas pipeline business. In April 2021, a consortium led by EIG Global Energy Partners acquired a 49% stake in Aramco Oil Pipelines Company from Aramco for US$12.4 billion.
This was followed by a US$12 billion deal in September after a consortium of buyers - including Air Products and Chemicals, ACWA Power Barka, Air Products Qudra and the Saudi Aramco Power Company - signed an agreement to acquire ASUs, gasification, syngas clean-up, utilities and power assets from Aramco. As the year ended, BlackRock Inc. and Hassana Investment Co. signed a lease and leaseback deal with Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) in December 2021. The deal will see the acquisition of its gas pipeline network for US$15.5 billion.
The technology sector witnessed the highest deal activity in terms of deal volumes in 2021 and out of 43 inbound technology deals in the region, 20 were targets in the UAE. This showcases the growing appetite for digital transformation and UAE’s position as a regional technology destination.
Looking ahead, MENA M&A activity in 2022 is expected to remain robust. Key deal themes include Continued GRE investment, digitization and technology, and portfolio optimization.
Additionally, EY’s recent CEO Outlook Survey, which provides unique insights into how MENA CEOs from various industries view M&A and capital allocation, infers that above-average M&A activity is likely to continue in 2022, as MENA CEOs look to optimize portfolios and pursue scope deals. Nearly two-thirds (64%) of MENA CEOs surveyed indicated that their companies will be pursuing M&A in the year ahead.
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