21 Dec 2015
Three generations

What defines family enterprises in Slovenia?

By EY Slovenia

Multidisciplinary professional services organization

21 Dec 2015
Related topics Family enterprise

The survey Family Business Characteristics in Slovenia reveals the typical features and the dynamic of Slovenian family-owned enterprises as well as their importance for the economy.

In 2015, EY Slovenia collaborated with the Faculty of Economics at the University of Ljubljana to find out more about the role of family businesses in Slovenian economy and to sketch out their defining characteristics. The survey results were gathered from 360 family businesses in Slovenia. 

The survey confirmed that most businesses in Slovenia (up to 83%) are family-run and that family enterprises are an important driving force in the Slovenian economy. One interesting finding was that 38 % of C-suite roles in family enterprises are filled by women, which is almost double the percentage in other Slovenian enterprises. The results also offer an insight into the tranfser of ownership to the next generation and inclusion of non-family members. It turns out that most family business managers have entrepreneurial blood in their veins; the majority have an entrepreneur as a father (54%) or a mother (24%).

Family enterprises make up the majority of Slovenian companies (up to 83%) and are an important driving force in the Slovenian economy.

 

Main highlights

In 83 % of the companies the family controls strategic decisions and 71 % of companies have two or more family members with managerial responsibility. Two or more generations of the family are involved in 62% of the companies.

Characteristics of family businesses in Slovenia

Distribution of family businesses by industry

Family businesses are mainly micro and small enterprises with less than 50 employees (95%), total yearly revenues of €4 million or less (87%), are more than 20 years old (74%) and operate in various industries. The most important of these are retail and wholesale trade (19%), construction (19%) and the manufacturing of industrial goods (17%), with other industries also well-represented.

Distribution of family enterprises by industry

Characteristics of family business managers

Most family business managers are male, experienced, the majority owners of the company, and had an active role in its founding. A large proportion of family business managers have parents with entrepreneurial experience, were brought up in a family business environment and have entrepreneurs as role models, but did not grow up in a positive economic environment for entrepreneurship.

Characteristics of family business managers

Transfering the company to the next generation

The key elements of successful transfer of a family business to the next generation are an assessment of abilities, an early start, ensuring continuity, and fair and equal treatment of individuals. Managers tend to exclusively be family members; there is a relatively low percentage of leading employees who are not. The loyalty of this latter group is assured mainly by increased involvement and participation in decisionmaking, treatment as a family member and non-financial benefits.

Successful transfer

Financial highlights

Family businesses represent a significant contribution to sales, added value and employment to the Slovenian economy. The average family business had €2.54 million revenues, €0.77 million added value and 20 employees.

Financial and tax highlights

Summary

In 2015, EY Slovenia collaborated with the Faculty of Economics at the University of Ljubljana to find out more about the role of family businesses in Slovenian economy and to sketch out their defining characteristics.

About this article

By EY Slovenia

Multidisciplinary professional services organization

Related topics Family enterprise