As the number of city residents continues to increase, the demand for rapid expansion and digitalization of urban areas into smart cities has further increased. By 2050, approximately 70% of the world’s population is expected to live in cities. This expansion requires technological and sustainable improvements to balance the social, economic and environmental impacts of these migrations.
The EY Security by Design report covers the challenges, risks and potential solutions for governments to safeguard smart cities from threats and attacks. Although different challenges require differing approaches to the implementation of a digitally enabled ecosystem, the three core considerations during transformation are population risk awareness, effective processes and adoption of disruptive technologies.
The report covers five main topics essential for cybersecurity in smart cities and identifies trends for governments to prepare for including infrastructural improvements, digitalization, population increases, complimentary regulations and agile response teams, and operating models. The five topics are discussed in detail in the EY Security by Design report (pdf):
- Disruptive technologies
- Security challenges and solutions
- Cybersecurity trends
- Cyber threat landscape
- Government considerations
These components help governments to stay ahead of cybercrime and that they are able to innovate, prioritize and understand the risk landscape and opportunities for security control. These critical areas also ensure that smart cities are initially designed and built with a Security by Design concept in mind.