6 minute read 1 Oct 2016
Wind turbines desert

Why digital sustainability data will transform disclosures

Eric Hespenheide of GRI tells EY Reporting that we are at the dawn of a new era of corporate disclosures.

We are on the cusp of a new era: the way we capture, analyze and use sustainability data is about to be transformed. We are moving from an era where sustainability information is collected and reported, to one in which stakeholders – including companies themselves – use this information to learn more about their organizations, their risks and opportunities, and to make better decisions.

Over the past decade, we have seen a dramatic increase in the number of companies measuring their sustainability performance; there are now several thousand organizations monitoring these impacts and reporting on them every year. While the increasing number of disclosures is certainly a welcome trend, we must ensure that both the quality and utility of that information remains a key focus of reporting. Well-designed, quality data should be at the heart of the strategic decision-making process, and this can lead us toward a more sustainable economy and world.

In response to a wide range of global social and environmental challenges, the international community has increased its efforts toward creating a more sustainable world. In 2015, it took two major steps forward: the launch of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Change agreement. These are important principles with international support but, as with any principles-based approach, they are simply “pledges” until they come into action and are measured with actual data and information to demonstrate real progress toward these goals. That is the value of reporting, and with these global goals, sustainability data has become more important than ever before.

Digital data on sustainability will be the main tool guiding our efforts to tackle the immense issues of the social and environmental agenda
Eric Hespenheide

This is reflected in GRI’s Sustainability and Reporting 2025 trends analysis, which estimates that digital data on sustainability will be the main tool guiding our efforts to tackle the immense issues of the social and environmental agenda such as climate change, human rights, ecosystems protection and waste management. Society expects companies and governments to produce and share almost real-time data across open platforms, which includes information on their supply chain partners and also offers an overview of total impacts by region. This data will be easy to access and analyze.

Expected changes

The main findings of our analysis indicate a number of expected changes for sustainability disclosures over the next 10 years:

  • New format and multiple information sources: There will be a formal shift from annual reporting to the frequent exchange of sustainability data.
  • New content, new focus: This will move toward the macro challenges faced by society and will put the supply chain in the spotlight.
  • New role for stakeholders empowered by information: There will be almost real-time interactions through various channels.

GRI’s technology strategy

Organizations such as GRI are beginning to take this leadership approach and turn it into action. In 2015, GRI embarked on a new technology strategy that includes three main components:

1. Convening leaders to discuss the future of sustainability, technology and data

The GRI Technology Consortium brings together more than 30 technology leaders who share the common goal of creating innovations from data and bringing the sustainability movement into the digital age. The consortium highlights current and future solutions that use sustainability data to enhance decision-making for both business and government, and provides recommendations for the public regarding sustainability, technology and data.

2. Turning ideas into action

We are creating a sustainability data platform to both liberate the data from reports and digitize the reporting process. The GRI Digital Reporting Alliance brings together a group of companies working on two projects: creating the technical infrastructure and platform for digital reporting, and accelerating the demand for it.

3. Planning for the future

Our focus is on innovation and collaboration among private and public sector organizations toward new uses of sustainability data and information.

We have worked for nearly 20 years to help businesses and other organizations to identify, measure and communicate their impacts on a wide range of sustainability issues. Today, we also work to help businesses and their stakeholders use this data to empower sustainable decisions.

But it all relies on open, public standards as the foundation for business and policy decisions. Standards have been the architecture of every data revolution in history, and it is no different for the information revolution facing the reporting world today. This is why GRI (through the Global Sustainability Standards Board) is so focused on ensuring the development of our sustainability standards, and ensuring that they continue to be offered for free, as a public good, so they can be integrated into other frameworks, standards and approaches. These are all necessary approaches to ensure that sustainability information is more than just reported, but also becomes a key factor in all business and policy decisions. And isn’t that what reporting is all about?


Eric Hespenheide, Chairman of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), explains why widely accessible digital data on sustainability performance will transform corporate disclosure by providing powerful new tools for decision-making.