Algeria issues governing decrees related to new Investment Law

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EY Global

26 Sep 2022
Subject Tax Alert
Categories Corporate Tax
Jurisdictions Algeria
  • The Algerian Government has published eight decrees related to the implementation of the new Investment Law published in July 2022.

  • The Alert outlines the key provisions of the decrees related to institutional framework, incentive regimes, conditions of eligibility for benefits and guarantees granted to investors.

Following the publication of the Investment Law n°22-18 (the Law) on 24 July 2022, the Algerian Government published on 18 September 2022, eight decrees related to implementation of the Law.

The new Law introduces changes to the institutional framework, incentive regimes, conditions of eligibility for benefits and guarantees granted to investors.

Institutional framework

The new Investment Law specifies that the bodies in charge of investment in Algeria are:

  • The National Investment Council (NIC)
  • The Algerian Investment Promotion Agency (which replaces ANDI)

Chapter 3 of the Law and Executive Decree No. 22-297 refocus the role of the NIC solely on providing strategic advice on investment, ensuring its overall coherence and evaluating its implementation.

The aforementioned chapter, through its Article 19, provides for a one-stop shop dedicated to large investment projects and foreign investments. Executive Decree No. 22-299 defines major projects as projects with an investment amount equal to or greater than DZD2 billion. This same decree defines foreign investments as any investment including a capital holding by foreign persons, benefiting from a transfer guarantee.1

Investments other than those mentioned above are handled by decentralized single desks.

Incentive regimes and eligibility conditions for benefits

The Investment Act provides for the following incentive regimes:

Sector regime

Investments in the following areas of activity are eligible for this regime:

  • Mines and quarries

  • Agriculture, aquaculture and fishing

  • Industry, food industry

  • Pharmaceutical and petrochemical industry

  • Services and tourism

  • New and renewable energy

  • Knowledge economy and information and communication technologies

Area regime

Investments implemented in the following areas are eligible for this regime:

  • Highlands, South and Deep South locations
  • Localities in development needs special support from the state
  • Localities with natural resource potential to be developed

The localities are listed in Annex 1 of Executive Decree No. 22-301.

Structuring projects regime

According to Executive Decree No. 22-302, structuring investments are defined as investments with a high potential for creating wealth and jobs likely to increase the attractiveness of the territory and to create a knock-on effect on economic activity for sustainable economic, social, and territorial development, with the following objectives:

  • Import substitution

  • Export diversification

  • Integration into global and regional value chains

  • The acquisition of technology and expertise

According to the same Decree, investments that meet the following criteria are eligible as structuring projects:

  • The establishment of 500 direct jobs
  • An investment amount equal to or greater than DZD10 billion

Benefits provided by law No. 22-181

  Implementation stage Operational stage
Exemption from customs duties for goods imported and used directly in the realization of the investment Benefits applicable to all incentive regimes  
VAT exemption for goods and services imported or acquired locally entering in the investment
Exemption from transfer duties and land registration tax for real estate acquisitions made in the context of the investment
Exemption from registration duties for company constitutions and capital increases
Exemption from registration duties, land registration tax and state remuneration on concessions of built and unbuilt real estate intended for the implementation of investments projects
Exemption from property tax on investment properties for a period of 10 years from the date of acquisition
Exemption from corporate income tax (CIT)  

- 3 to 5 years for the sector regime

- 5 to 10 years for the two other regimes

Exemption from tax on professional activity (TAP)
Guaranties granted to foreign investors

Article 8 of the Investment Law provides for a guarantee of transfer of invested capital and the income derived from it. The same article specifies that the reinvestment in capital of profits and dividends declared transferable is admitted as an external contribution. In order to benefit from these guarantees, the foreign investor must bear at least 25% of the overall cost of the investment, as specified in Executive Decree No. 22-300.

Article 13 of the Law ensures stability of the legal framework for investments registered under this Law by providing that any future changes to this Law will not apply to that investment, unless expressly requested by the investor.

Executive Decree No. 22-296 provides the investor with the possibility to submit an appeal with the High National Commission for Investment-related Appeals, attached to the Presidency of the Republic.

Disposal and transfer of benefits

Article 14 of the Investment Law provides for the possibility of transferring or disposing of goods or services that have benefited from the benefits, with the approval of the Algerian Investment Promotion Agency "AAPI" (which replaces the ANDI in the new Law).

Executive Decree No. 22-299 provides for a repayment of the benefits granted in the event of the transfer of the goods or services that benefited from these benefits. The repayment of benefits is calculated in proportion to the remaining depreciation period. The above-mentioned decree provides for the same treatment for the transfer of benefits, except in the case of a prior agreement by the AAPI.

Penalties applicable in the event of non-compliance with the obligations undertaken

Under the terms of Executive Decree No 22-303, the investor must provide the Agency with a progress report on the project within 30 days of the date of signature by the tax authorities.

Failure to justify the lack of submission of the latter within the stipulated timeframe will result in a decision by the Agency to withdraw the benefits and the refund the used operating benefits.


For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:

Ernst & Young Algérie, Algeria Tax, Legal and Transaction Practices Leader, Alger
EY Société d’Avocats, Africa Tax Desk Leader
  • Bruno Messerschmitt
Ernst & Young Algérie, Business Tax Advisory, Alger
  • Halim Zaidi

For a full listing of contacts and email addresses, please click on the Tax News Update: Global Edition (GTNU) version of this Alert.

  • Show article references#Hide article references

    1. See Section below on guaranties granted to foreign investors.

    2. A list of activities, goods and services excluded from these benefits is provided for in the appendices to Executive Decree No. 22-300.