7 minute read 25 Feb 2021
Healthcare transformation post pandemic

How the Indian pharmaceutical industry may transform post pandemic

By EY India

Multidisciplinary professional services organization

7 minute read 25 Feb 2021
Related topics Health Life Sciences

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Through this strategy paper, FICCI and EY aim to reassess the Indian pharmaceutical industry’s positioning, define India’s ambition by 2030 and identify a set of imperatives for all stakeholders. 

In brief

  • Indian pharma industry has grown 10 times in the last two decades driven by its strength in the global generics space.
  • In the last few months, COVID-19 has led to significant geo-economic and geopolitical shifts, with major economies driving self-sufficiency agenda and recalibrating their global business models.
  • In the light of global changes and keeping India’s realities and advantages in mind, this paper aims to revisit Indian pharma’s strategy in order to become a preferred global supplier of innovative medicines in the post-pandemic world.

The pharmaceutical industry, along with the healthcare sector globally, has been impacted in an unseen way due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic leading to material impact around consumer requirements and preferences accompanied by macroeconomic, structural and microeconomic changes in the end-to-end value chain. In the midst of the pandemic and a changed world, the pharmaceutical industry across the world has responded with agility —from the sequencing of the novel coronavirus in January to vaccines being administered to the first recipient in the United Kingdom by December 2020, with efficacy levels over 90%, exceeding all expectations of governments and markets across the geographies. The pharma industry will be closely monitored by governments in all countries in times to come.

It is imperative that India revaluates its current role within the global pharmaceutical industry, explore possibilities to consolidate and strengthen its positioning in light of geopolitical and economic shifts, attain self-sufficiency as a globally competitive pharmaceutical industry with innovation as a guiding principle for future growth. This paper addresses the ambition for the current decade in consultation with industry veterans across segments, with inputs from the government, regulators and pertinent industry associations.

From March 2020 onward, the industry has been hit by debilitating restrictions and impediments to reach customers with expectations to operate and supply drugs to those in India and globally. The pharma industry exceeded expectations in responding to this global crisis, supplying drugs to over 150 countries besides meeting all domestic demands. Significant vaccine capacity ramp up has been achieved over the year to augment vaccine administration within India and other countries who are dependent on India for supplies.

The Indian pharma industry has grown at a compounded growth rate of (CAGR) of ~11% in the domestic market and ~16% in exports over the last two decades. While the domestic market has grown at a similar pace to the gross domestic product (GDP), the overall growth has been driven by the industry’s leadership in supplying generic formulations to markets across the globe.

In the 2020-2030 period, we expect Indian pharma industry to grow at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of ~12% to reach at US$130 bn by 2030 from US$41.7 bn in 2020. Though the pharmaceutical industry has grown at a CAGR of approx. 13% over the two decades, in the last decade, the CAGR has been ~ 8.5% and it has currently been ~6.2% over the past five years.

In order to attain self-sufficiency and be the real pharmacy of the world, we need to refocus on the next set of avenues to feed the growth engine of this industry, which is of strategic as well as economic significance. Realizing this ambition will need a concentrated effort from
the key stakeholders of the Indian pharmaceutical industry – the payers, providers, policymakers, physicians, pharma industry players, academia as well as a plethora of service providers across the logistics and distribution, IT, capital pools, packaging and other auxiliary industries.

In order to build a holistic consensus, we reached out to industry-wide stakeholders, whose views were sought over countless interactions through a structured questionnaire, coupled with secondary analysis and global primary case studies through EY proprietary research. Future opportunities and the way forward have been duly ratified through industry and stakeholders’ roundtables. Key considerations to adopt as a call to action aimed at industry, academia and government have been outlined for actions going forward.

The opportunities that have emerged have been classified into four sections in this report: Innovation and R&D, Healthcare Delivery, Manufacturing & Supply Chain, and Market Access.

On the domestic front, the ambition translates into a growth rate of 10-11% over the coming decade. Below-average social health indicators and a low proportion of total healthcare spend as a proportion of GDP indicate an opportunity to improve healthcare delivery in the country.

With estimates that the Indian pharma industry supplies over 40% of the generics in the biggest pharma market – the US and about 25% of the prescription drugs in the UK, along with catering to over 60% of the global vaccine demand, India is one of the leading suppliers of pharmaceuticals in the world. While the global formulations trade value is about US$652 billion (2019), India’s share of exports in the global trade was only about 2.5%. With increased pricing pressure on the global generics trade as well as increased competition in India’s established export corridors, the current portfolio of products is expected to further extend this divide. The global pharmaceutical trade is expected to reach a size of US$1-1.3 trillion by 2030, the ambition is to garner a global share of 6-7% by value to attain a size of ~US$73 billion.

Accelerating research and innovation

  • One of the key action areas that resonated across all interactions was the need to move up the value chain to achieve the ambition and consider way forward to discuss the sets of action needed to be put into place to move up India’s share of trade in value.
  • To meet this objective, this section deliberates on set of actions to help the industry move towards this objective including setting up an overarching regulatory body and a Central body to streamline research infrastructure and financing from all government bodies, exploring new models for financing R&D to increase private investments and also make available funds for high risk / long term projects, measures to improve industry-academia collaboration and establish a strong innovation ecosystem, the role of industry to leverage technology for improving productivity and efficiency in research to name a few.

Achieving equitable and sustainable healthcare

  • The increased acceptability of digital technologies has the potential to improve healthcare delivery. This section explores the progress towards achievement of universal healthcare access, establishing efficient processes such as the potential use of Aadhar card to identify as well as simplify the delivery based on healthcare coverage category. The next steps to creating, maintaining and leveraging healthcare data to identify and prioritize focus areas for healthcare have also been discussed in depth.
  • Considerations for enabling teleconsulting, focus on preventive healthcare have also been dealt with, in detail, and the role of the industry, government, healthcare sector and insurers carved out.

Strengthening manufacturing and supply base in domestic and global markets

  • The focus of manufacturing & supply chain initiatives would be to develop capabilities in APIs and enable manufacture of complex generics, bio-similars, gene & cell therapies etc.
  • Ease of doing business is the most important enabler to set up world class manufacturing facilities
  • Attractiveness of manufacturing sector would also need to be enhanced in order to attract the best talent in India and abroad
  • Given the growth ambitions, it is vital to encourage and setup of Pharmaceutical machine manufacturing facilities in India that would result in lower fixed costs, savings in forex and reduction in time to set up additional facilities
  •  Strong and all round focus on excellence and compliance is a must to facilitate a “Made in India” phrase that is synonymous with high quality
  • Government would need to bolster the logistics infrastructure for connecting the key pharma hubs in the country in order to facilitate quick and cost efficient movement of goods (including facilities for cold chain)

Improving access to medicines

  • This is the last section that explores the key opportunities that need to be realized in order to improve the market access of the drugs in the country.
  • This section revolves around various global best practices in drug pricing and procurement models, contextualized for developing geographies.
  • Deliberations on digital marketing of pharmaceutical products in India.

Future Considerations and way forward

Improving access to medicines – Healthcare transformation

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India must re-evaluate its current role within the global pharmaceutical industry, explore possibilities to consolidate and strengthen its positioning in light of geopolitical and economic shifts, attain self-sufficiency as a globally competitive pharmaceutical industry with innovation as a guiding principle for future growth.

About this article

By EY India

Multidisciplinary professional services organization

Related topics Health Life Sciences