There are 50 water and sanitation service provider companies that are grouped according to their management in National Government (2) and Regional or Local Government (48). The company that has the most connections is SEDAPAL (National Government) which operates in the capital city of Lima.
Companies providing water and sanitation services can also be grouped by connection size. In addition to SEDAPAL there are 4 “large 1” companies that have between 100,000 and 999,999 connections, 15 “large 2” companies that have between 40,000 and 99,999 connections, 15 medium companies that have between 15,000 and 39,999 connections and 15 small companies with less than 15,000 connections.
The company with the highest coverage of drinking water by area of influence in 2020 was SEDAPAL with 93.1% in Lima. Mediumsized companies had an average coverage of 81.5%. In summary, the national average for water coverage is 89.9%, while for sewerage coverage it is 83.8%.
SEDAPAL treats 90.4% of the collected wastewater, while on average small companies treat only 6.2%. The national average for wastewater treatment is 77.5%.
Small City Areas
There are 603 Community Organizations that provide water services, of which 454 have follow-up and monitoring by SUNASS, and are grouped according to ownership into Community Organizations (161), Municipal Providers (243), Municipal Management Unit (35), others (13) and Specialized Operators (2).
There are 27,000 Community Organizations that provide water services, of which 2,845 have follow-up and monitoring by SUNASS, and are grouped according to ownership into Community Organizations (2,459), Municipal Providers (340), Municipal Management Unit (18), others (23) and Specialized Operators (5).
It should be noted that 93% of the population in urban areas has access to the Public Water Network, while in rural areas access is only for 77% of the population.
Peru has experience in Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) for the development of Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTP) such as La Chira WWTP and Taboada WWTP projects that help to decontaminate the wastewater produced in Lima Metropolitan Area (Lima and Callao). In addition, the Titicaca WWTP has been awarded, which will have ten treatment plants for the Titicaca Lake in Puno (southern Peru).
Additionally, Peru has developed projects in water and sanitation under the Works for Taxes mechanism, ranking as one of the most important sectors with respect to investment amount.